What is Desalination?
Desalination is the process of removing salts from seawater.
Typically, water is piped in directly from the source to a plant located along the coast. This water goes through several pre-treatment steps.
Waterflows through filters that separate out organics and sediments at the macrolevel.
Next, it goes through a carbon filter to filter out particles at a much smaller scale.
Lastly, the water is treated and salts are separated out, commonly through Reverse Osmosis – this method pushes water through a membrane that cleans half the water while wasting half the water.
Wastewater is piped out and the remaining water is clean & drinkable.